Valvular heart disease

The human heart has four valves that control the way blood flows through heart chambers, valvular heart disease is any disease process involving one or more of the four valves of the heart (the aortic and mitral valves on the left and the pulmonary and tricuspid valves on the right).

All four valves can be stenotic (hardened, restricting blood flow); the conditions are called tricuspid stenosis, pulmonic stenosis, mitral stenosis or aortic stenosis.Valvular insufficiency. Also called regurgitation, incompetence or “leaky valve”, this occurs when a valve does not close tightly.

What are the symptoms of heart valve problems?

Some physical signs of heart valve disease can include:
  • Chest pain or palpitations (rapid rhythms or skips)
  • Shortness of breath, difficulty catching your breath, fatigue, weakness, or inability to maintain regular activity level.
  • Lightheadedness or loss of consciousness.
  • Swollen ankles, feet or abdomen.

Percutaneous Valve Repair

Interventional cardiologists can use catheters to guide clips or other devices through the blood vessels to a damaged valve. These devices can then be used to repair the valve to allow blood to flow properly again.

Balloon Valvuloplasty

Balloon valvuloplasty, also called balloon valvotomy, is used to repair narrow or constricted heart valves that do not open properly (e.g., aortic stenosis). In this procedure, a balloon at the tip of the catheter is inflated to stretch the valve open.

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dr Blessan Varghese

MD (Gen Med), DM (Cardiology) Chief Interventional Cardiologist

Dr Blessan Varghese is a renowned interventional cardiologist with an experience of 10 years with expertise in diagnostic coronary angiography both radial & femoral route, Primary Angioplasty, Complex Angioplasty, cardiac catheterization, renal angiography & Pacemaker Implantation and Device therapy for ASD, PDA, and many more interventional procedures. Currently, he serves as Consultant Interventional Cardiologist at Welcare Hospital, Kochi and is the chief of inerventional cardiology.

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dr john richardson